2016/06/26

[Thought] Computational Power and Contracts

This morning came the inspiration for a new law, that I would like to be adopted by any society I live in:

Any contract binding a set of entities must be redacted in terms that can be understood by each entity, at its own level of cognition and within the time naturally available to it. In cases where it is provably not the case, any conflict related to this contract is judged in favor of the entitiy which level of cognition or time availability was not reached.

In order to avoid the subtleties of defining each entity's "level of cognition" and the "cognition level" of a contract, let's limit ourselves to the maximum number of sentences in the contract, the maximum number of words in each sentence, and approximate the level of cognition of an entity by how many such words and sentences it can memorize and comprehend (e.g. detect differences in meaning between this contract and a minor variant).

In retrospective, it's clear to me that the inspiration for such a law does not come out of the blue, but from many observations, from basic education principles to the recent vote in favor of the UK leaving the European Union, and various situation of daily life. Let me describe a few:
  1. (basic education principle) When educating a child, one must set up simple rules, so that the child is able to understand them: it's useless to punish a child for breaking a rule that he did not understand.
  2. (daily life, or almost) I am scheduled to take the plane tonight, to go for several days far from home. I was sick last night, I feel better but horribly tired. Shall I cancel my trip? I did take an insurance on my plane ticket, but the conditions are complex and I did not memorize them. I wish there was a law forcing an entity such as the travel agency to use a vocabulary that I can understand even when I am jet-lagged and/or half-sick (e.g. a "creative commons" of contract).
  3. (UK leaving the European Union) In his article about the vote from the UK to leave the European Union, Glenn Greenwald mentioned how the elite have lost the trust of the "common" people, and how the elite and their supporting teams in media, academia and elsewhere, react condescendingly to this vote of no confidence. Whether the condescension is deserved or not is not really the main theme: people who spend their time manufacturing and caring for their children might not have the time to ponder all the economical subtleties of belonging or not to the European Union, but they definitely have the common sense to refuse to sign a contract that was not properly explained to them, under the excuse that it is so complex that "they would not understand it anyway".
  4. (Travel Insurance) A couple of friends are planning a travel. They took the insurance offered with their ticket even though they "think" that their credit card insurance is already covering some of the risks: they did not have the time nor patience to find the credit card contract, nor to read both and compute the difference. The travel insurance can hire lawyer, those friends cannot.
  5. (Chile encouraging citizens to rewrite their constitution) The government of Chile is currently encouraging its citizens to participate in focus groups in order to write a new constitution. I am interested but I did not have the time to participate. Actually, I do not know anyone who has the time to do so, nor can I imagine many who do, except for people from the Chilean elite who works a few hours per week. I fear that the conclusion of this exercise will only serve as  a self-justification for the Chilean elites...
  6. (Computational Power in Game Theory) I remember Kate Larson explaining how some game theory results completely changed when one started taking the computational power of the agents playing the game, and in particular when considering models where various agents had distinct limits on their computational power. It would seem logical to take this into account in the writing and application of the law.
 Now, there are two points that I would like to clarify:
  1. In a society with such a law, there would still be a need for jurists and (relatively) complex laws, on one hand between entities of high level, such as between two international companies or between two governments, and on the other hand in the not-so-simple problem of measuring the level of complexity of each law and entity.
  2. I do not think that anyone can have such law introduced in the legal system of any country (maybe in some institutions), if only because such a law would have to be introduced in the elite, which is due to lose some advantages by it. Rather, it seems that the road toward such laws must be paved by effort inspired by creativecommons.org to design a simpler vocabulary for any contract (not only contracts between authors and others).
I like the idea a lot. I am sure that it can be improved (I will continue to think about it, already I see how to combine it with "Boot Strapping Databases" and "Collaborative Quality Control"), but ultimately it is merely another anti-bully rule, to protect the weak against the strong, the mark of a civilization which progresses. In an era were Artificial Intelligence is transitioning from Science Fiction to daily life, and were big institutions gains personal rights when they are "Incorporated", we mere humans might need such protection soon enough (or need them already). 

2016/06/19

[Santiasco] This year will be worst than the previous one

They said last year that the winter 2015 was the worst since 1995. It seems to me that the winter 2016 will be worse: I already lost count of the number of alerta and pre Emergencias, and we are not even yet in Winter! 

I am glad that I am travelling in places with a better air, but a bit worried for my friends in Santiago and other cities of Chile: I never saw the "very unhealthy: tag before on this application:

Note: it is the very  first time that I see the label "hazardous":

Note also how the people from LAS CONDES might have the information that their air is "bueno" by Chilean standard when it is "unhealthy for some" (i. e.  children and elders should avoid any exertion)  by US standard... 

[Equipment] New bag

I got a new travel bag for my birthday (the other one was 14 years old or so). That was the occasion to put the hash "bordados" to personalize my stuff!

[Photography] Allende in France

As I was running in a village close to Paris, I saw this:

"Travailleurs de mon pays
Ils peuvent nous assassiner
mais on ne retient pas les mouvements sociaux
ni par le crime, ni par la force
tot ou tard se reouvriront les larges avenues
par ou passe l'homme libre
qui ira construire une societe nouvelle."
Salvador Allende
Le 29 Juin 1973, 8:30, La Moneda 


2016/06/17

[Red Nose] Surprise in Paris!

It must be the first time that when I take my red nose out, my interlocutor takes out two of his own!!!

The conversion of the world is progressing!

2016/06/11

[Travels] Italy

This week I was in Italy to present a result at the conference FUN 2016. I made a tower of cardboard boxes for my talk, and got many compliments :) 
We were in the island of 'La Maddalena', it was quite nice. 
Walking at random, I found a street named. after Galileo! 

2016/06/06

[Red Noses] Mamé

I spent an afternoon with Mamé, we had a long walk!

2016/06/03

[Chile] Students protests


One of the largest association of students in Chile has called for an unlimited strike in order to request fundamental changes in the Chilean education system: biobiochile.cl. It happened before, with very little change. One could be more hopeful this time as the President is promising to implement the gratuity of education before the end of her mandate. From the inside of one of the biggest education institution in Chile, I am not hopeful: I heard several professor express contempt at the student's demands and actions, many others acting as if those had nothing to do with them (i. e. "not my battle"), and I suspect many in the last category to secretly enjoy the reduction of classes which will permit to spend more time on academic research.


Chile's student protests were mentioned as a (positive) example in 2012 by Noam Chomsky (around 1:45 in the video below),  but I disagree, and I doubt that such demonstrations will achieve their objective in Chile. Student's protest in Slovenia, Canada and France against an increase in academic tuition fees worked for several reasons, many of which are not true in Chile. The most obvious (and most important) difference is that the latest were fighting *against* a change in the status quo, rather than asking for a change in Chile (which change implies in turn many other changes on associated issues, some of them even more difficult to change than education). Another difference is that the movements in Slovenia, Canada and France were unified, and gathered the support of the general population : none of that in Chile, where the student's association are bickering, the faculties are competing with each other, and the parents, who pay heavy tuition fees even during those strikes, push their child back to class as soon as professors warn that the semester might get totally lost.




There are other options beside conforming and protesting in the streets. I suggested to students that they "vote with their feet" and go to study elsewhere : there are many countries with free education for all, including foreigners, but Chilean are so conditioned by the system that they find it hard to believe and frightening to leave, as jailed birds who don't escape even when you leace the door of the cage open.


Some of 'my' students explored another option which properly amazed me: they organized some "open courses" where "students teach students" during the strikes, teaching topics as diverse as programming Android devices, creating a website, encrypting emails. I have been using the slogans "students teach students", and "people teach people" (and now "teaching is learning") since 2005; but even when I talked about the necessary "decentralization of education" I never imagined the students self-organizing in such a way: they have more imagination than me!